Mexican Hairless Dog Xoloitzcuintli or Xolo

Xoloitzcuintli At a Glance

Country of Origin:


Breed Group:

AKC (Non-Sporting); CKC (Non-Sporting); FCI (Spitz and Primitive); KC (Utility); UKC (Sighthound & Pariah)


Small to Large. Weight: Standard: 20–31 lbs; Miniature: 13–22 lbs; Toy: 9–18 lbs Height: Standard: 17.5–23.5 inches; Miniature: 13.75–18 inches; Toy: 10–14 inches


Can be hairless or short-coated.


Any Color or Color Combination Allowed

Life Span:

15 to 20 years

Breed Profile

Affection Level
Barking Tendencies
Cat Friendly
Cold Weather Tolerance
Exercise Needs
General Health
Grooming Needs
Hot Weather Tolerance
Kid Friendly
Shedding Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability

Did You Know?

Not all Xoloitzcuintlis are hairless. Some of them have a short, smooth coat.

Xoloitzcuintli Overview

The Xoloitzcuintli, or “Xolo” is thought to be one of the world’s oldest and rarest dog breed . They are known as the first dog of the Americas, and they came along with the first people to cross the Bering Strait over 15,000 years prior. Artifacts of the times have depicted many dogs thought to be the Xolo, and the breed remains mostly unchanged today.


Xoloitzcuintli Characteristics

This dog breed is prized for its “mythical powers” and unique appearance. The most common form of Xolo is the hairless, giving them a smooth and darkened skin color. Some Xolos do have hair, though it has patches much like a Chinese Crested. The breed comes in several sizes, however, even the standard is considered a smaller sized dog compared to other breeds.


Xoloitzcuintli Temperament

The Xolo has been mostly a guardian dog, making them naturally suspicious of strangers. However, they are loving and loyal to anyone in their family unit. They can be cheerful and alert, making them both a great companion and good watch dog. If danger is perceived, the breed will quickly spring into action. Barking is rare, so when it does occur, notice should be taken.

Glen of Imaal Terrier


Xoloitzcuintli Care

The Xolo lives on average 15 to 20 years, exceedingly long even for small dog breeds. There are no reported breed health concerns, however, this may be due to their relative rarity compared to other breeds. Hairless versions of the Xolo may need sunscreen placed on their skin to prevent burns and other issues from occurring.


Xoloitzcuintli Coat

The hairless Xolo is easy to care for and they do have relatively hardy skin Lighter colored Xolos may need more sunscreen for protection when outdoors. Varieties that have hair should have regular brushing to help keep the coat clean and free of mats.


Xoloitzcuintli Training

Xolos are very easy to train and will become in tune with their owners. They will pick up well on any task given to them and do great with positive reinforcement training. Socialization around strangers may be needed, or else the breed may become aloof and hard to handle.


Xoloitzcuintli Activity

While the Xolo may appear fragile, he is actually very hard and sturdy and does well with any kind of exercise. Protection should be given to them when outside to protect from the sun and from chills. Otherwise, the Xolo is up for any activity put to him.

Add a Reply:

Add your comment below.