Spanish Mastiff At a Glance
Country of Origin:
AKC (FSS: Working); ANKC (Utility); FCI (Molossoid); UKC (Guardian)
Giant. Weight: 90–220 lbs Height: 28.5.5–31.5 inches
Short and dense.
Immaterial, Although Yellow, Fawn Red, Black, Wolf-colored most appreciated
10 to 11 years
Cold Weather Tolerance
Hot Weather Tolerance
Did You Know?
There are two types of Spanish Mastiffs: the Mastin Pesado or Heavy Mastiff, and the Mastin Ligero or Light Mastiff.
Spanish Mastiff Overview
Like other Mastiffs, the Spanish Mastiff is an ancient breed thought to come from the Molosser dog, a breed found as far back as 2000 BC. This dog breed is a flock-guarding dog and works well as a guardian still to this day. He has also had alternative jobs as a draft dog, pulling carts and bringing supplies to homes and fighters of the Spanish Civil War.
Spanish Mastiff Characteristics
This dog breed features the large, stocky body of other Mastiff types, but has a unique look to his head and neck. Spanish Mastiffs feature a larger amount of folds and extra skin around the head and neck, giving them an almost Shar-Pei look but in giant size. The large skin folds can help when fighting off predators on farms or the flock, but can also house infection and drool.
Spanish Mastiff Temperament
As a guardian breed, they can be dignified, aloof and calm. He is devoted to his family and may also accept strangers if socialized from puppyhood. Towards other dogs, however, he can be aggressive and does not do well in small or urban situations with other animals and pets in close proximity. The loud voice and large size can also be problematic in small areas.
Spanish Mastiff Care
The Mastiff is a giant-sized dog and lives on average 10 to 11 years. Health concerns include enostosis (bone lesions), entropion, heart issues and hip dysplasia. Their large size also makes them prone to bloat, or gastric dilation and volvulus. Good care and preventive veterinary medicine can be key to a longer life.
Spanish Mastiff Coat
Their coat is easy to care for and weekly brushing will help remove dead hair and reduce shedding. In dogs with a very large number of skin folds around the neck and head, care should be taken to clean the folds regularly to prevent debris or infection from occurring.
Spanish Mastiff Training
One of the most important training aspects for this dog breed is socialization. This is a breed that needs to be socialized from puppyhood to avoid him becoming aloof and aggressive toward strangers. His intelligence and easy motivation can help him to learn quickly, but sessions should be kept short to prevent boredom.
Spanish Mastiff Activity
Long daily walks are enough to keep them in shape, however, a fenced yard or large piece of property is ideal for keeping him happy and in shape. Games that challenge the mind and body will also help prevent boredom and aid in socialization. Despite their large size, they need little activity compared to other giant breed dogs.