Samoyed At a Glance
Country of Origin:
AKC (Working); ANKC (Utility); CKC (Working); FCI (Spitz and Primitive); KC (Pastoral); UKC (Northern)
Medium. Weight: 35–65 lbs Height: 18–23.5 inches
Very thick and dense.
Pure White, White and Biscuit, Cream
12 to 15 years
Cold Weather Tolerance
Hot Weather Tolerance
Did You Know?
The Samoyed only looks chubby because of his thick fur.
This dog breed can trace his history back to 1000BCE in Siberia, and he has remained pretty much the same appearance-wise since. The breed was named for the Samoyede people, a tribe of nomads in Siberia that herded reindeer. This dog breed would herd, pull sledges and even hunt bear, making them a versatile breed in the harsh conditions of Northern Russia.
They resemble other Spitz-type northern dogs with a thick, plush double coat, upright triangular ears, and a tail that curls over the back. Ears may be curled downward as puppies but will perk up as the dog ages. They have a sweet appearance, with almost pure-white fur that gives them the appearance of a friendly snowman type dog.
Easy-going, friendly and affectionate are the three words that describe this breed most. He has a trademark “smile” due to his mouth turning upwards. They will bark to deter intruders, but their overly friendly nature makes them poor guard dogs. This dog does best in a family situation, especially with children, though he may herd them around.
This dog breed lives on average 12 to 15 years, a bit above average for dogs of his size. Health concerns include metabolic diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and hereditary glomerulopathy (a disease of the kidneys). The hereditary glomerulopathy is a dominant trait and requires careful breeding to avoid.
The thick double coat of this dog breed should be brushed several times a week to remove any loose or dead hairs. The coat may shed, so regular brushing and upkeep will help minimize the amount of fur around the environment. No other special grooming is needed.
This dog breed is both intelligent and stubborn, leading to some unique training situations. Training with motivational styles from early puppyhood can help turn him into an eager learner, and his intelligence will help him learn quickly.
They should have long walks, jogs or a long play session daily to keep them in shape. They are people-oriented, and love to participate in any activity their family is doing. Outings together will keep them happiest.