Samoyed dog

Samoyed At a Glance

Country of Origin:


Breed Group:

AKC (Working); ANKC (Utility); CKC (Working); FCI (Spitz and Primitive); KC (Pastoral); UKC (Northern)


Medium. Weight: 35–65 lbs Height: 18–23.5 inches


Very thick and dense.


Pure White, White and Biscuit, Cream

Life Span:

12 to 15 years

Breed Profile

Affection Level
Barking Tendencies
Cat Friendly
Cold Weather Tolerance
Exercise Needs
General Health
Grooming Needs
Hot Weather Tolerance
Kid Friendly
Shedding Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability

Did You Know?

The Samoyed only looks chubby because of his thick fur.

Samoyed Overview

This dog breed can trace his history back to 1000BCE in Siberia, and he has remained pretty much the same appearance-wise since. The breed was named for the Samoyede people, a tribe of nomads in Siberia that herded reindeer. This dog breed would herd, pull sledges and even hunt bear, making them a versatile breed in the harsh conditions of Northern Russia.


Samoyed Characteristics

They resemble other Spitz-type northern dogs with a thick, plush double coat, upright triangular ears, and a tail that curls over the back. Ears may be curled downward as puppies but will perk up as the dog ages. They have a sweet appearance, with almost pure-white fur that gives them the appearance of a friendly snowman type dog.


Samoyed Temperament

Easy-going, friendly and affectionate are the three words that describe this breed most. He has a trademark “smile” due to his mouth turning upwards. They will bark to deter intruders, but their overly friendly nature makes them poor guard dogs. This dog does best in a family situation, especially with children, though he may herd them around.



Samoyed Care

This dog breed lives on average 12 to 15 years, a bit above average for dogs of his size. Health concerns include metabolic diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and hereditary glomerulopathy (a disease of the kidneys). The hereditary glomerulopathy is a dominant trait and requires careful breeding to avoid.


Samoyed Coat

The thick double coat of this dog breed should be brushed several times a week to remove any loose or dead hairs. The coat may shed, so regular brushing and upkeep will help minimize the amount of fur around the environment. No other special grooming is needed.


Samoyed Training

This dog breed is both intelligent and stubborn, leading to some unique training situations. Training with motivational styles from early puppyhood can help turn him into an eager learner, and his intelligence will help him learn quickly.


Samoyed Activity

They should have long walks, jogs or a long play session daily to keep them in shape. They are people-oriented, and love to participate in any activity their family is doing. Outings together will keep them happiest.

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