Estrela Mountain Dog

Estrela Mountain Dog

Estrela Mountain Dog At a Glance

Country of Origin:


Breed Group:

AKC (FSS: Working); FCI (Molossoid); KC (Pastoral); UKC (Guardian)


Large. Weight: Males 88–110 lbs; Females 66–88 lbs Height: Males 23.5–28.5 inches; Females 24.5–27 inches


Two types: Long and short.


Brindle, Fawn, Wolf Gray, Yellow; White Markings; Dark Mask

Life Span:

10 to 14 years

Breed Profile

Affection Level
Barking Tendencies
Cat Friendly
Cold Weather Tolerance
Exercise Needs
General Health
Grooming Needs
Hot Weather Tolerance
Kid Friendly
Shedding Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability

Did You Know?

There were no records of the Estrela Mountain Dogs outside Portugal before 1972.

Estrela Mountain Dog Overview

The Estrela Mountain Dog is a Foundation Service Stock breed originating in Portugal. Foundation Stock Breeds are able to beregistered to provide documentation of these breeds, but are not an actual AKCregistered breed. Often times the breeds are from an ancient or older line of breed of dog. The Estrela mainly was used to guard herds of sheep in the valleys of Estrela. Larger dogs were often instead used as guard dogs in needed areas. The breed has grown in size due to the popularity of the larger guard line of dogs.


Estrela Mountain Dog Characteristics

Estrela Mountain Dogs are loyal, calm and protective, often making good watchdogs with these traits. Their large size and long fur also may give them the appearance of a more wild dog, a rather intimidating look to would-be intruders. They are loyal to their family group, but may be wary of anyone considered an outsider.


Estrela Mountain Dog Temperament

The calm, and fiercely loyal nature of the Estrela Mountain Dog makes them a good family watchdog. Whether guarding flocks of sheep or a family, they are protective and loyal. The breed is not afraid to stand up to outsiders and they will bravely protect anyone in their family, especially children.

Giant Schnauzer


Estrela Mountain Dog Care

Lifespan ranges from 10-14 years, average to above average for a large breed dog. They are prone to the health concerns of large breed dogs including hip and elbow dysplasia. Both of these traits can be passed down genetically, so checking for either condition prior to breeding can help ensure healthy puppies. Their longer coats may also make them more prone to skin issues and overheating in warmer regions.


Estrela Mountain Dog Coat

The Estrela features a long, fluffy coat to protect it from the elements when out herding. The coat should be groomed and brushed daily to prevent mats from occurring. Their longer coats may also pickup sticks and burrs easily if not checkedregularly. The dropped ears of the breed should also be checked regularly and cleaned to avoid infections.


Estrela Mountain Dog Training

Estrela Mountain Dogs are an intelligent breed and do best when they have a “job”. Traditionally this has been in protecting livestock and people, but any job where the Estrela may be able to work his brain is beneficial. It is also a good idea to heavily socialize the Estrela from puppyhood to acclimate the dogs to strange situations and prevent guarding or protective behavior later in life.


Estrela Mountain Dog Activity

The Estrela Mountain Dog is a large and active breed and does best when given a chance to exercise heavily. Long walks or inclusion in sports such as herding, agility or other athletic endeavors are key to keeping the Estrela active and happy.

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