English Toy Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel

charlyronni/Wikimedia Commons (CC BY 2.0)

English Toy Spaniel At a Glance

Country of Origin:

England/Great Britain

Breed Group:

AKC (Toy), AKC (Toy); ANKC (Toys); CKC (Toys); FCI (Companion and Toy); KC (Toy); UKC (Companion)


Small. Weight: 8–14 lbs. Height: Approx. 10 inches


Long and feathery.


Blenheim (Red and White), Prince Charles (Tricolor: White, Black, and Tan), King Charles (Black and Tan), Ruby (Rich Mahogany Red)

Life Span:

10 to 12 years

Breed Profile

Affection Level
Barking Tendencies
Cat Friendly
Cold Weather Tolerance
Exercise Needs
General Health
Grooming Needs
Hot Weather Tolerance
Kid Friendly
Shedding Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability

Did You Know?

The English Toy Spaniel is also known as the King Charles Spaniel. It's different from the other dog breed called Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

English Toy Spaniel Overview

English Toy Spaniels are known for their loving demeanor combined with a miniaturized Gun dog attitude. Their more recent looks, including prominent eyes and domed head only became popular toward the late 1800’s, when breed standards were becoming more popular. The English Toy Spaniel is a loving and loyal breed at home with families.

English Toy Spaniel Characteristics

The breed sports a domed shaped skull and prominent eyes. Similar in appearance to the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the English Toy Spaniel is actually called the King Charles Spaniel outside of the US. They are quiet and calm for a small breed dog, and very intelligent, making them great companions.

English Toy Spaniel Temperament

English Toy Spaniels are more calm and quiet than other toy breed dogs, making them excellent house pets. Their joy of being around people also makes them great family pet, as they love to be with their human companions, usually sitting in a lap. Their playful manner also makes them a joy to be around.

Lancashire Heeler

English Toy Spaniel Care

The average lifespan of this breed is 10-12 years, slightly under average for a toy breed. They are prone to a few breed health issues including ear infections, glaucoma and luxating patellas. Two heart defects are also common in the breed, including Patent Ductus Arteriosis and Mitral Valve Disease.

English Toy Spaniel Coat

Like their larger field spaniel counterparts, English Toy Spaniels also sport a long and feathery coat. Frequent grooming and brushing is advised to prevent mats and keep the hair soft and silky. Their droopy ears are also prone to ear infections, so checking and cleaning ears often is key in prevention.

English Toy Spaniel Training

English Toy Spaniels are very intelligent and willing to please, making training easy. They can however, be difficult to train when it comes to housebreaking. Calm behavior, positive reinforcement and patience are all key in overcoming any training obstacles. The playful nature and loyal to human companions makes the English Toy Spaniel great at learning tricks, too.

English Toy Spaniel Activity

English Toy Spaniels feel comfortable both indoors and out and are happy doing whatever their owner does. A nice walk around the neighborhood or an outing to a park are the perfect activities for the English Toy Spaniel. Their smaller size also makes them well-suited for apartment living, where they are just as happy to be a couch dog.

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