Dog and puppy house training does not necessarily have to be tough, unpleasant or messy. The house training stage also does not need to take a long time. Get it right and your dog or puppy will likely be doing their business in the proper place earlier than you could expect.
House breading requires training, along with persistence, patience and kindness. The majority of the rules and guidelines that apply to house training puppies, apply equally to house training adult dogs. The more attention and focus you can give your new puppy or dog in this crucial training stage, the quicker the messy part of your partnership is going to be.
Golden house training rules
Unless you catch your pup in the act of making a mistake, do not punish them. Dog’s, specially young puppies, are not able to connect the dots. If time has passed since the blunder, your dog never will make the association between the act and your annoyance.
Whenever your dog or puppy gets it right, give lots of praise and affection. Dogs love to please so when they make the connection between being rewarded and their elimination in the proper place, they will be wanting to get it right all over again.
Debunking an old house training myth
Do not rub your dog’s nose in it! This might be by far the most widespread house training myth amid brand-new dog owners. Everyone’s heard the story: “Take your dog to the mess, rub their nose in it and then scold vocally.” The simple truth is this is a lot of rubbish and does even more damage than good. The single thing you will achieve is teaching your dog or puppy that carrying out normal bodily processes is bad. This is certainly not the goal of house training. Even adult dogs find it hard to connect an earlier act with mess on the floor. A little puppy will surely not comprehend cause and effect. They will not get the reason why you are yelling for something they did half an hour before. Effective house training is far more about encouragement and reward, than scolding. Dogs are clever, but this really is expecting way too much. In a timid or anxious dog, it might be the beginning of emotional problems.
House training “Good to know”
All house training methods will go far more smoothly if you have a fundamental understanding of a dog’s bodily processes. Here is a little information and a few tips that apply to all house training methods.
- A puppy’s bladder is extremely small. Puppies urinate a whole lot simply because they have to. Your puppy does not have complete control of their bladder or sphincter muscles until about Six months of age. They physically cannot hold it in for a long period of time, in particular after food.
- Older dogs have much better control and can physically stop the elimination process. However, when house training begins your dog does not have any idea that this is expected of them. Elimination is a healthy bodily function for a dog.
- A puppy requires frequent meals to be able to develop correctly. What this means is your puppy also needs to eliminate frequently.
- All dogs display pre-potty behavior. Usually your dog or puppy will circle, sniff, scratch a door, whine or whimper for no other apparent reason. Observe your pup and get to learn their particular signals.
- A regular feeding schedule assists. Just about all dogs have a toilet regimen or time, particularly for defecation. If you feed your dog or puppy at the same time each day, you will be able to predict when it is time for them to do their business.
- Once a dog has marked a spot with urine, they are most likely to come back to it over and over again. They are drawn by the odor.
- Last, but by no means least, accept the fact that accidents happen! No dog or puppy is perfect. They will not get it right without house training. Be patient, loving and persistent.
Different ways to house train your dog or puppy
The house training method that best suits your and your puppy’s needs depends essentially on your lifestyle and tolerance level. There are numerous alternatives.
Direct house training method
If your lifestyle allows, the Direct method is the ideal method to house train your puppy or dog. This method is frequently called the Traditional method, without doubt as it has existed forever and does not require any of today’s mod-cons.
The Direct method is ideal for dog owners who work at home, stay-at-home moms, retirees and those in other situations that allow them to be around their dog continuously. You also require a property with easy access to an outdoors area where it is acceptable for your dog to do their business. The main disadvantage is it calls for for you to keep a constant eye on your puppy or dog. Several dog owners just will not have the time to do it.
The Direct house training method does not require outlay on accessories – no pads, papers or crates – but you will need to tolerate and cleanup a number of messes. Accidents happen. The main benefit is it genuinely helps you to bond with your dog. It is strongly recommended if you can manage the time.
The basic rules are really simple:
- Recognize the pre-potty signals. Older puppies and adult dogs will commonly circle, sniff or scratch on the floor or door, whenever they have the urge, particularly when they are starting to comprehend that messing inside is a “no-no”. Do not expect too much from a young puppy in this regard. You will quickly pick up on your puppy or dog’s signs.
- Say a particular word like “outside”. With sufficient repetition, your dog will begin to connect this word with (1) leaving the house and (2) subsequently doing their business. Since hearing the word preceeds what they do next, the correlation firms rapidly. Do not make use of this word when you are heading out to play or going for a walk. You need to form a connection between the particular word and “toilet business” in your dog’s mind.
- Calmly take your dog or puppy to the selected potty place outdoors. Do not play or allow your pup to become sidetracked. This really is business-time, not play-time. If your dog has learned to walk on a leash, use it. If not, simply call them to follow you.
- Now encourage your dog using your “potty” word. Say something like “go potty”, “make good girl”, “go pee-pee” – whatever works for you. Your dog needs to eliminate in any case, so it should not take a long time.
- When your dog has done their business, praise them enthusiastically. Make sure they know that they are a “good dog”. Dog’s simply love to be praised.
- Return inside immediately afterwards. Should you begin kidding around with your pup at this point this, will detract from the lesson, and the learning process can take more time.
It may not be as simple as it sounds. You have to maintain a consistent eye on your dog for the best results. The less blunders there are, the speedier the process is going to be. Make your spoken cues as basic and consistent as you can. It is extremely important that all family members make use of exactly the same words. Dogs learn by repetition, so have patience and be persistent. At the start, it might take a while for your dog to understand exactly what it is about, but they all get it in the end.
Indoor house training method
There are numerous reasons why it could be necessary to house train your puppy or dog indoors. We have merged all the indoor house training methods simply because all occur or begin inside your home.
An increasing number of dog owners reside in the city. They just do not have a yard or close by park at their convenience. Toilet training in a high-rise apartment does not leave many alternatives and puppy bladders are small and have to work frequently. There can also be other possible circumstances, like severe climates that stop dog owners going outdoors often. Certain dog owners simply choose to begin the process inside with a view to slowly shifting it outdoors later on.
Fortunately there are numerous tools on the market that aid in the Indoor house training method, even if it is a long term scenario. Nowadays, you can purchase everything – from pre-treated pads to totally functional interior toilets for your dog. And when all else fails, good old newspaper also do the trick, but does tend to leave a certain amount of odor.
The benefits of indoor house training are obvious, however the possible disadvantages are not that apparent.
- Once your dog has learned that it is actually acceptable to eliminate inside your home, it becomes more difficult to persuade them otherwise. If the Indoor method is a precursor to shifting things outdoors, your later house training is going to be delayed and definitely will never be as short as the Direct method.
- Certain, dogs will resist doing their business inside. This is especially true for older dogs that have been taught to go outside. Should this happen, persevere, encourage and be patient and understanding. Your dog will co-operate sooner or later.
Indoor house training demands the same firm adherence to a schedule as outdoor training.
Here are the basic guidelines:
- Decide on an indoor area for your dog or puppy to potty. Preferably, it should be far from your dog’s eating and sleeping area. In addition, it helps if the area is easy to clean up for obvious reasons. Tiled or linoleum flooring is best suited. It is vital that the place remain constant, so choose with care.
- Cover the region with newspaper or training pads. In the beginning cover a lot more than you need, around three to four sq ft. Reduce the coverage slowly, but surely, as house training advances. Pre-treated pads or comparable products contain attractants so your pup will seek out the pad each time a need comes up. Newspapers work nicely due to their absorbency. The pads or newspapers must not be accessible in another part of the residence as this simply creates confusion. You can also prevent access to the spot at non-potty times. This helps to designate the area to be solely for toilet business. If your goal is to ultimately shift potty-ing from inside to outside you should gradually shift the potty area nearer and nearer to the entranceway. The transition is made from concentrating the toilet habits to one spot inside the house to one spot outside the house. In the end , the newspapers inside are removed.
- If you are training a puppy, calmly take them to the potty area after each meal or drink. Should you be training an adult dog, call, cajole or lead them to the potty area when you see that pre-potty signs. Do not play with or distract your dog at all. You do not want them to connect the routine with anything at all besides doing their business.
- Next encourage your dog making use of your “potty” word. Say something like “go potty”, “make good boy”, “go pee-pee” – whatever works for you. As your pup needs to eliminate in any case, it should not take very long.
- When your pup has done the deed, praise them with enthusiasm. Nothing works more effectively than positive, loving encouragement followed by delighted reward. Dogs get pleasure from attention and love to please.
- If you are using newspaper, replace the top layer after each event. It could get a little unpleasant, but the scent will attract your dog to the place the next time. Absorbency of pads differs and you ought to be able to tell when they need changing or by reading through the guidelines on the package.
Crate training method
Crate training is yet another popular house training method. At first, crate training might seem unkind. The idea of caging a little puppy or worse a fully grown dog seems unnatural and restrictive. There is fine science and very sound philosophy to it. This idea is that dogs are naturally and instinctively den animals. A wild dog’s den is his refuge. It provides a secure location to rest, keeps out danger and is a safe place to raise pups. Dogs will not deliberately soil their den, they are naturally clean animals. If you crate train properly, your dog ultimately looks at their crate as their den or safe-haven, and will not do their business there.
Crate training also offers other benefits. Apart from discouraging your dog from messing in your house, it also teaches a puppy they can hold in the urge to pee or poop. Crates may also be used to control destructive behavior and to transport your dog. Crates should never, ever be abused. Not every dog is going to take to crate training, in particular those who have pre-existing anxiety issues.
Here are some very basic crate house training guidelines:
- The crate size ought to be just large enough for your dog to lie and turn around in. If you are training a puppy you can purchase a larger crate with a divider to isolate the pup.
- Place your dog’s bedding in the crate. Dogs loathe soiling their beds as they would then have to lie in the mess. Crate training encourages puppies to learn to control their bladder and bowels.
- For puppies, you can also put in a chewing toy or two.
- Before placing your dog in the crate allow them to have a toilet break outdoors.
- As soon as you take your dog out of the crate, take them for another toilet break.
- You will eventually be able to leave your dog out of the crate for longer and longer periods.
Good luck and happy house training!