Puppy house training does not necessarily have to be tough, unpleasant, or messy. The housebreaking also does not need to take a long time. Get it right and your dog is likely to learn things earlier than you could expect.
House training requires persistence, patience, and kindness. The majority of the rules and guidelines that form the foundation of house training apply equally to puppies and adult dogs. The more attention and focus you are able to give to your new puppy or dog at this crucial training stage, the quicker the messy part of your partnership is going to end.
Golden House Training Rules
Unless you catch your pup in the act of making a mistake, do not punish them. Dogs, especially young puppies, are not able to connect the dots. If the time has passed since their act of omission or commission, your dog never be able to make the association between his action and your annoyance.
Whenever your dog or puppy follows your training correctly, reward him generously with lots of praise and affection and even with treats. Dogs love to please their owners. So, when they can make the right connection between being rewarded and their elimination, they become more keen to get it right all over again to please you.
Debunking The Old House Training Myth
Do not rub your dog’s nose in it! This might be by far the most widespread house training myth that new dog owners have to confront with. Everyone has heard the story: “Take your dog to the mess, rub his nose in it, and then scold vocally.” The truth is this is a lot of rubbish and it does more damage than good.
This is certainly not the goal of house training. Even adult dogs find it hard to connect an earlier act of eliminating on the floor with your show of anger. Similarly, a little puppy is not able to comprehend the correlation between the cause and the effect. They do not get the reason why you are yelling at them for something done half an hour before. Effective house training is far more about encouragement and reward than scolding. In a timid or anxious dog, it might be the beginning of emotional and behavioral problems.
House Training “Good To Know”
All housebreaking methods go far more smoothly if you have a fundamental understanding of a dog’s bodily processes. Here are information and a few tips that apply to all house training methods.
- A puppy’s bladder is extremely small. Puppies urinate a whole lot simply because they have to. Your puppy does not have complete control of their bladder or sphincter muscles until they reach six months of age. They physically cannot hold it in for a long period, especially after eating meals.
- Older dogs have much better control and can physically stop the elimination process. However, when house training begins your dog does not have any idea that this is expected of him. Elimination is a healthy bodily function for a dog and you need to channelize his behavior correctly.
- A puppy requires frequent meals to be able to grow and develop his physique. This means your puppy also needs to eliminate frequently.
- All dogs display specific behavior before they want to do potty. Usually, your pet circles, sniffs, scratches a door, whines, or whimpers for no other apparent reason. Observe your dog and get to learn such signals.
- A regular feeding schedule assists. Just about all dogs have a toilet regimen or time, particularly for defecation. If you feed your dog at the same time every day, you will be able to predict when it is time for him to eliminate.
- Once a dog has marked a spot with urine, he is most likely to come back to it repeatedly.
- Last, but not the least, accept the fact that accidents happen. No dog or puppy is perfect. They do not get it right without house training. Be patient, loving, and persistent.
Different Ways To House Train Your Puppy
The house breaking method that best suits your and your puppy’s needs depend essentially on your lifestyle and tolerance level. There are numerous alternatives.
Direct House Training Method
If your lifestyle allows, the direct method is the ideal way to housetrain your dog. This method is frequently called the traditional method, as it has existed for centuries and does not require any of today’s mod cons.
The direct method is the ideal for dog owners who work from home, stay-at-home owners, retirees, and those in other situations that allow them to be around their dog continuously. You also require a property with easy access to outdoors, where it is acceptable for your dog to eliminate. The main disadvantage is that it requires you to keep a constant eye on your puppy or dog. Several dog owners just may not have the time.
The direct house training method does not require outlay on accessories – no pads, papers, or crates. However, you will need to tolerate and clean up a number of messes. Accidents happen. The main benefit is it genuinely helps you to bond with your dog. It is strongly recommended if you can manage the time.
The basic rules of direct house breaking are simple:
- Recognize the pre-potty signals. Young puppies and adult dogs commonly circle, sniff, or scratch on the floor or door, whenever they have the urge. Do not expect too much from a young puppy in this regard. You need to be quick to pick up your puppy or dog’s signs.
- Say a particular word – outside – whenever there are signals. With sufficient repetition, your dog starts to connect this word with the need to leave the house and eliminate outdoors. Since hearing the word precedes what they do next, your pet’s ability to correlate the both command and action firms up rapidly. Do not make use of this word when you are heading out to play or going for a walk. You need to form a connection between the particular word and “toilet business” in your dog’s mind.
- Calmly take your dog to the selected potty place outdoors. Do not play or allow your pup to become sidetracked. This is the potty time, not play time. If your dog has learned to walk on a leash, use it. If not, simply call them to follow you.
- Now encourage your dog using the “potty” word. Say something like “go potty,” “do potty here,” “be a good boy,” or “go pee-pee” – whatever works for you.
- When your dog has done his business as per your house training, praise him enthusiastically. Make sure he knows that you are happy with his behavior. Dogs simply love to be praised.
- Return inside immediately after the dog eliminates. Should you begin kidding around with your pup at this point, it may distract him from the lesson, and the learning process can take more time.
It may not be as simple as it sounds. You have to maintain a consistent eye on your dog for the best results. The fewer blunders there are, the speedier the process is going to be. Make your spoken cues as basic and consistent as you can. It is extremely important that all family members make use of exactly the same words. Dogs learn by repetition, so be patient and persistent while teaching your dog how to house break. At the start, it might take a while for your dog to understand exactly what it is about, but he gets it well as you continue training him.
Indoor House Training Method
There are numerous reasons why it is necessary to house train your puppy or dog indoors. We have placed all the indoor house training methods under one category simply because all occur or begin inside your home.
An increasing number of dog owners reside in the city. They just do not have a yard or nearby park at their convenience. Toilet training in a high-rise apartment does not offer many alternatives and puppy bladders are small and have to be emptied frequently. There can also be other possible circumstances, such as severe weather conditions, that stop dog owners going outdoors too often. Certain dog owners simply choose to begin the house training process inside with a view to slowly shift it outdoors later on.
Fortunately, there are numerous tools on the market that aid in the indoor house training method, even if it is a long-term scenario. Nowadays, you can purchase everything – from pre-treated pads to totally functional interior toilets for your dog. And when all else fails, the good old newspaper also do the trick but does tend to leave a certain amount of odor.
The benefits of indoor house training are obvious. However, the possible disadvantages are not that apparent.
- Once your dog has learned that it is actually acceptable to eliminate inside your home, it becomes more difficult to persuade him to housebreak. If the Indoor method is a precursor to shifting things outdoors, your later house training is going to be delayed and definitely will never be an easy one.
- Certain, dogs will resist doing their business inside. This is especially true for older dogs that have been taught to go outside. Should this happen, encourage your dog and be patient in your efforts. Your dog is sure to cooperate eventually.
Indoor house training demands the same firm adherence to a schedule as outdoor training.
Here are the basic guidelines:
- Decide on an indoor area for your dog or puppy to potty. Preferably, it should be far from your dog’s eating and sleeping area. In addition, it helps if the area is easy to clean up for obvious reasons. Tiled or linoleum flooring is the best suited. It is vital that the place remains constant, so choose with care.
- Cover the region with newspaper or training pads. In the beginning, cover a lot more than your pet needs – around 3 to 4 sq ft. Reduce the coverage slowly, but surely, as house training advances. Pre-treated pads or comparable products contain attractants so your pup will seek out the pad each time a need comes up. Newspapers work nicely due to their absorbency. The pads or newspapers must not be accessible in another part of the residence as this simply creates confusion in your dog’s mind. You can also prevent access to the spot at non-potty times. This helps to designate the area to be solely for toilet business. If your goal is to ultimately move potty training from inside to outside, you should gradually shift the area nearer and nearer to the entranceway. The transition is made from concentrating the toilet habits to one spot inside the house to a spot outside the house.
- If you are training a puppy, calmly take them to the potty area after each meal or drink. Should you be training an adult dog, call, cajole, or lead them to the potty area when you see that pre-potty signs. Do not play with or distract your dog at all. You do not want them to connect the routine with anything at all besides doing their business.
- Next, encourage your dog making use of your “potty” word. Say something like “go potty”, “make good boy”, “go pee-pee” – whatever works for you. As your pup needs to eliminate in any case, it should not take very long.
- When your pup has done the deed, praise them. Nothing works more effectively than positive, loving encouragement followed by a delighted reward. Dogs get pleasure from attention and love to please.
- If you are using newspaper, replace the top layer after each event. It could get a little unpleasant, but the scent will attract your dog to the place the next time. The absorbency of pads differs, and you should know when it should be changed. Check the guidelines on the package.
Crate training method
Crate training is yet another popular house training method. At first, crate training might seem to be heartless. The idea of caging a little puppy or a fully-grown dog seems inhuman and restrictive. There are fine science and very sound philosophy to it. This idea is that dogs are naturally and instinctively den animals. A dog’s den is his refuge. It provides a secure location to rest, keeps out danger, and is a safe place to raise pups. Dogs do not deliberately soil their den and keep their living place clean. If you crate train properly, your dog ultimately looks at his crate as his den or safe-haven, and will not eliminate there.
Crate training also offers other benefits. Apart from discouraging your dog from eliminating in your house, it also teaches a puppy how he can hold in the urge to pee or poop. Crates may also be used to control the destructive behavior of your pet and transport him. Crates should never ever be abused. Not every dog is going to take to crate training, in particular, those who have pre-existing anxiety issues.
Here are some very basic crate house training guidelines.
- The crate size must be large enough for your dog to lie and turn around inside. If you are training a puppy with an adult dog, you can purchase a larger crate with a divider to isolate the puppy.
- Place your dog’s bedding in the crate. Dogs abhor soiling their beds, as they would then have to lie in the mess. It also helps puppies to learn to control their bladder and bowels.
- For puppies, you can also put in a chewing toy inside the crate.
- Before placing your dog in the crate, allow him to have a toilet break outdoors.
- As soon as you take your dog out of the crate, take him for another toilet break.
You can eventually be able to leave your dog out of the crate for longer and longer periods when he grows up or learns to housebreak perfectly.
Good luck and happy house training.