Are you familiar with the basic anatomy of a dog? Do you know the correct names of your dog’s body parts?
While selective breeding has changed the appearance of many breeds, all dogs retained the basic anatomical characteristics!
Here is a list of the body parts that make up the basic anatomy of a dog!
- Dogs have a nose,two ears, and two eyes.
- Muzzle, which includes the foreface and the upper and lower jaws.
- The stop is the indentation – sometimes nonexistent- between the muzzle and the forehead.
- Whiskers are for sensory sensing.
- Flews are the fancy name for a dog lips.
- The cheek is the skin along the dog’s muzzle.
Neck and Shoulders
- The nape is where the neck joins the base of the skull in the back of the head.
- The throat is beneath the jaws.
- The crest starts with the nape and ends at the withers.
- The neck is pretty self-explanatory. It runs from the nape to the shoulders.
- The shoulder is the top section of the forelegs
- Withers are the top point of the shoulders making them the highest point along a dog’s back.
- The back and chest together form the dog’s torso.
- Prosternum is the top of the sternum, which is the bone that ties the ribcage together.
- The chest is the entire ribcage of the dog.
- The back runs from the point of the shoulders to the end of the rib cage.
- The term back is sometimes used to describe the back and the loins.
- The belly is the underside of the dog from the end of the ribcage to the tail.
- The loin is the back between the end of the rib cage to the start of the dog’s pelvic bone.
- Elbow is the first joint in the dog’s leg located just above the chest at the back of the foreleg.
- Forearm is the long bone that runs after the elbow on the foreleg.
- The wrist is the lower joint between the elbow and foreleg.
- Pasterns are equivalent to the bones in your hand and feet – not counting fingers and toes.
- Dogs have a paw at the end of each leg.
- Paws come with nails, paw pads, and usually dewclaws.
- The upper thigh is the part of the dog’s leg situated above the knee on the hind leg.
- The lower thigh is the part of the hind leg beneath the knee to the hock. Some dogs have feathering along the back of the back of their lower thighs and hocks
- The stifle or knee is the joint that sits on the front of the hind legs in line with the abdomen.
- The hock is the oddly shaped joint that makes a sharp angle at the back of the dog’s leg. It corresponds with you ankle.
- The rump is the proverbial rear end. It is where the pelvic bone is.
- The top of the rump is called the croup.
- The tail set is where the tail attaches to the rump. Some dogs have high tail sets while some dogs have low ones.
- Everybody, of course, recognizes the dog tail.
Familiarizing yourself with the basic anatomy of a dog will help any dog owner accurately articulate their dog’s issues to a vet or a trainer. Knowing this information could save time, money, and produce better results!